A longtime house producer and arranger with Atlantic Records, the versatile Arif Mardin assisted in the creation of many of the classic pop and jazz recordings of his era, enjoying perhaps his greatest success in collaboration with Aretha Franklin. Born in Istanbul, Turkey, on March 15, 1932, Mardin studied at Istanbul University and the London School of Economics while pursuing music as a hobby. In 1956, however, he met Dizzy Gillespie on the trumpeter's tour of Turkey, and was inspired to take up music as a profession. He won a scholarship to the Berklee College of Music and graduated in 1961, signing on with Atlantic two years later as an assistant to Nesuhi Ertegun. He soon became a studio manager and then a house producer and arranger. Mardin's earliest production duties focused on projects with jazz artists including Sonny Stitt, Freddie Hubbard, Mose Allison, and Eddie Harris, but his stock truly began to rise in the wake of Franklin's 1967 arrival on the label roster. In conjunction with the legendary producer Jerry Wexler and engineer Tom Dowd, Mardin set the stage for the singer's artistic and commercial breakthrough, arranging Franklin's landmark 1967 LP I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You and its classic single "Respect"; another Franklin watershed, Lady Soul, followed from the same studio team a year later.
He continued a long partnership with the Rascals, overseeing perennial hits like "Good Lovin'" and "Groovin'" and earning the title of the group's unofficial fifth member. In 1969, Mardin worked on the Dusty Springfield masterpiece Dusty in Memphis, and accepted a post as an Atlantic vice president; a year later, he moved on to produce Laura Nyro's Christmas and the Beads of Sweat, and also released his first solo LP, Glass Onion. His collaboration with Franklin continued on as well, yielding superb records like Spirit in the Dark, Young, Gifted & Black, and Amazing Grace. In 1971, Mardin shifted gears entirely to helm folkie John Prine's acclaimed self-titled debut. From there, he went on to work with a tremendous variety of new Atlantic signings, including Hall & Oates, Bette Midler, Roberta Flack, Donny Hathaway, Willie Nelson, and Doug Sahm.
In 1974, Mardin traveled to Miami to produce the Bee Gees, who were at the time struggling to recapture their late-'60s pop success. On the orders of manager Robert Stigwood, Mardin reinvented the group's sound to capture the flavor of American R&B; while his first attempt, Mr. Natural, was not a success, the 1975 follow-up, Main Course, found the Bee Gees pioneering the commercial rise of disco, scoring a number one hit with the single "Jive Talkin'." Mardin's knack for blue-eyed funk also came to the fore through his concurrent work with the Average White Band, most notably the number one hit "Pick Up the Pieces." Albums with Rod Stewart, George Benson, and Carly Simon followed, and in 1980 he also began an extended partnership with Chaka Khan, resulting in her biggest hit, "I Feel for You." Although Mardin's pace slowed in the years to follow, he continued to work with high-profile younger artists like Culture Club and Howard Jones, and also reunited with the likes of the Bee Gees, Hall & Oates, and Roberta Flack. His work with Phil Collins on albums like Face Value and No Jacket Required resulted in his biggest commercial successes of the '80s, and he also helped bring Bette Midler back to the top of the charts with "Wind Beneath My Wings."
Mardin remained active into the '90s, working most often with female solo artists: Midler, Carly Simon, Barbra Streisand, Patti LaBelle, Diana Ross, and Jewel. He also produced the original Broadway cast recordings of the hit musicals Smokey Joe's Cafe: The Songs of Leiber & Stoller and Rent, in 1996 and 1997 respectively. In May 2001, amid numerous honors for his longevity and enormous legacy (twelve Grammies and counting), Mardin retired as Atlantic's senior vice president. However, he wasn't finished — he signed on with Manhatten/EMI several months later in several capacities, chief among them signing and producing new artists with adult appeal. His first major success with the label was the jazzy singer/songwriter Norah Jones, whose Blue Note debut album Come Away With Me topped the pop charts in early 2003.