Following the demise of Manfred Mann, Mike Hugg and Manfred Mann continued their jazz/rock path by forming Chapter Three, as a sideline to their lucrative career writing successful television jingles. This brave project was originally called Emanon and included Bernie Living on alto saxophone and flute, Steve York on bass, and Craig Collinge on drums, and featured session work from some of the finest contemporary jazz musicians (including Harry Beckett, Derek Wadsworth, Chris Pyne, and Dave Quincey).
The group immediately established themselves on the progressive rock circuit, but could not break out of the small club environment. Their two albums were excellent and imaginative but came as a considerable shock to any fans who expected anything akin to Manfred Mann. The band was blighted with problems due to Mann and Hugg having to support the venture financially, and because of trying to establish themselves as something other than a pop group. Those that supported the endeavour were not disappointed, although Manfred soon returned to a more commercial path with Manfred Mann's Earth Band.