Janine Jansen was born in Soest, Netherlands, on January 7, 1978. She began lessons on the violin at six and had advanced studies at the University of Utrecht. Her list of teachers includes Philippe Hirschhorn, Coosje Wijzenbeek, and Boris Belkin.
Following her 1997 Concertgebouw debut, Jansen slowly began building her career abroad. From 1998, she regularly took part in the Spectrum Concerts Berlin, a chamber music series of the Berlin Philharmonic. In 2001 she performed the Brahms Violin Concerto with the National Youth Orchestra of Scotland. Jansen also began performing in the U.K. as a BBC New Generation Artist.
While her London debut with Ashkenazy in 2002 ushered in more concert opportunities, it also led to several successful recordings. Naxos issued her first CD in 2003, a disc of works by John Harbison, and Decca followed in the two succeeding years with an album of various concertante works entitled simply Janine Jansen and a disc of Vivaldi's The Four Seasons.
While the latter recording generated some controversy, it became a digital best-seller and received an Echo award in 2006. Two more Echo awards followed for her Decca recordings of Mendelssohn and Bruch concertos (2007) and Beethoven and Britten concertos (2010).