While never a household name, Bruce Johnston enjoyed one of the longest and most intriguing careers in pop music, most notably as a member of the Beach Boys. Born June 24, 1944 in Chicago, he was raised in Beverly Hills, CA, attending school with fellow aspiring musicians Kim Fowley and Sandy Nelson and occasionally playing with them in the group the Sleepwalkers. Though still in high school, Johnston became a well-regarded performer on the West Coast circuit, and played on a number of studio dates. Best known as a guitarist and keyboard player, he also handled bass duties on the Teddy Bears' chart-topping 1958 hit "To Know Him Is to Love Him," and drummed for Ritchie Valens' live band. While attending UCLA, Johnston formed a band called Surf Stompers, in 1963 recording Surfin' Around the World as well as the live LP Surfers' Pajama Party, cut at a Sigmi Pi fraternity bash; at the Del-Fi label, he was also a producer for acts including Ron Holden, and led the Rip Chords with Terry Melcher. In late 1964, Johnston was tapped to join the Beach Boys' touring band after Brian Wilson announced his retirement from live performances; in 1965, he played piano on the group's hit "California Girls," and subsequently remained an on-again, off-again member of their ranks for decades to come, most notably appearing on the 1966 masterpiece Pet Sounds. Johnston left the band during the mid-'70s, recording a solo LP, 1977's Going Public, and becoming the hit songwriter behind smashes like Barry Manilow's "I Write the Songs." By the end of the decade, however, he was again producing the Beach Boys, and continued to tour with them well into the 1990s.