A true staple of American roots music, the Blind Boys of Alabama emerged in the middle part of the 20th century, singing traditional black gospel music in a segregated South on the brink of the civil rights movement. From their inception in the late 1930s, when they were all boys, the group's members turned their handicap into their chief selling point, and in fact, all but one of the original members were blind. From their early days touring the chitlin' circuit to their first recording heyday in the '50s and '60s, the Blind Boys weathered not only a rapidly changing America but the mercurial trends of the music industry, always staying true to themselves and their spiritual message. After finally breaking through to the mainstream in the late '80s as part of the Obie-winning Broadway musical The Gospel at Colonus, they enjoyed a hard-earned period of prominence that saw them making their first tours abroad, recording for major labels, and collaborating with a variety of different secular musicians including Lou Reed, Prince, and Stevie Wonder. Six decades into their career, the Blind Boys not only survived, but thrived during the first part of the 21st century, earning induction to the Gospel Music Hall of Fame and winning Grammy Awards for albums like 2002's Spirit of the Century and 2009's Down in New Orleans. They also became more experimental and collaborative, recording with younger contemporary artists like Valerie June, Bon Iver's Justin Vernon, and Sam Amidon. By 2018, only two founding members were still alive, and yet they soldiered on creatively, recording the retrospective-like Almost Home.
Led for most of their tenure by founding member Clarence Fountain, the group has also featured Jimmy Carter, Eric McKinney, George Scott, Caleb Butler, Johnny Fields, Joey Williams, Donald Dillion, and Aubrey Blount. They began singing together while students at the Talladega Institute for the Deaf and Blind in Alabama, but didn't begin recording until the late '40s. As a youth, Fountain heard the legendary Golden Gate Quartet on the radio; the early Five Blind Boys of Alabama took their initial musical cues from that group. They began singing professionally as the Happy Land Jubilee Singers, and for years lived a day-to-day, dollar-by-dollar existence touring the Chitlin' Circuit around the American South.
Beginning in 1948, they recorded for a variety of small record companies, and had gospel music hits in the '50s with "Oh, Lord Stand by Me" and "I Can See Everybody's Mother But I Can't See Mine." In 1950, after the death of one of its members, the group renamed itself simply the Blind Boys of Alabama. Fountain's group recorded first for the Newark-based Coleman Records label. Between 1953 and 1957, the group recorded for Art Rupe's California-based Specialty label. In the '60s, the ensemble's hard-driving gospel sounds were imitated by people like Bobby "Blue" Bland and Marvin Gaye. The group recorded extensively for the Vee-Jay label from 1963 to 1965. In 1969, Fountain left the Blind Boys for a decade to try to make it on his own, and the group re-formed with all its original members in the late '70s.
They didn't enjoy widespread success until 1988, when they starred in an Obie Award-winning Broadway show. According to Fountain, the group's high point was being on Broadway for 15 weeks with the musical The Gospel at Colonus. The musical opened up new avenues for bookings for the Blind Boys of Alabama, and they began touring theaters and larger churches in the early '90s, embarking on their first European tours as well. The group were awarded a National Heritage Fellowship in 1994. They played festivals in 1994 and 1995, including the Philadelphia Folk Festival, the Beale Street Music Festival, and the King Biscuit Blues Festival. Mid-'90s television appearances included BET's On Jazz, and even a cameo on Beverly Hills 90210. The group appeared on Peter Gabriel's 2002 album Up, and were co-billed with Ben Harper on 2004's There Will Be a Light.